A fogbow is a very similar to a rainbow; however, as its name suggests, it appears as a bow in fog rather than rain.  It is also a rare phenomena too.  Small water droplets create a fogbow.  Very weak colors are seen in a fogbow.  It has a bluish inner edge and a reddish outer edge.

A sea dog fogbow over the south Oregon coast (Photo by JHL)
A sea dog fogbow over the south Oregon coast (Photo by JHL)

Since the water droplets are very small, the fogbow appears white, which is why it is sometimes white rainbows.  When the droplets forming it are almost all of the same size the fogbow can have multiple inner rings, or supernumeraries, that are more strongly colored than the main bow.  Unlike a rainbow, fogbows normally appear as a band of bright white, sometimes with hints of red or blue. Because of these differences, fog bows are often referred to by other names – cloud bows, white rainbows or ghost rainbows.

Mars & a Lunar Fog Bow
Mars & a Lunar Fog Bow Mars & a Lunar Fog Bow. Mars and a Colorful Lunar Fog Bow Credit & Copyright: Wally Pacholka (AstroPics.com, TWAN)

When viewing a fogbow from the air looking down, such as when you’re in an airplane, it is called a cloud bow.  Mariners sometimes called his phenomena sea dogs.  When a fogbow is seen at night, it is called a lunar fog bow.

The Mie scattering simulation used a mean droplet diameter of 60 micron with a lognormal distribution of diameters having a standard deviation 12% to match the width of the primary fogbow and the position of the two supernumerary arcs inside the main bow.

A fogbow has the same direction as a rainbow so that the sun would be behind the viewer and the direction would be into the bank of the fog.  Its outer radius is slightly less than that of a rainbow.

Fogbow in the Arctic
Fogbow in the Arctic

Your best chances of catching a fogbow are when the Sun is shining brightly and the fog is thin – they’ll appear as the sun breaks through the fog behind you. You’ll often find fogbows as the cool sea mists roll in over the ocean or as fog makes its way down a hillside or mountainside. And, if you happen to be in the middle of a fog or a cloud – say, in an airplane – you might see a full circle rather than an arch as seen below.

Full circle fogbow.
Full circle fogbow.

On rare occasions, you might see a solar glory or a Brocken spectre within a fog bow. Glories look just like halos, and they’re normally centered on a Brocken spectre or an object within the fog. These colorful rings are created by sunlight reflecting off water droplets in much the same way that rainbows and fogbows are created. A Brocken spectre is a spooky phenomenon that looks like a ghost within the fog. These shadowy shapes are named after a peak within Germany’s Hartz Mountains where Brocken spectres are commonly seen. Brocken spectres are caused by a shadow thrown on the fog – either your own, or that of a nearby object.

Brocken Spectre at Lough Corrib, a lake in the west of Ireland, near the city of Galway. Photo by Conor Ledwith Photography.
Brocken Spectre at Lough Corrib, a lake in the west of Ireland, near the city of Galway. Photo by Conor Ledwith Photography.

Till Next Time,

xo-heather

 

 

 

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autumn-06

When Autumn comes, it sometimes comes in a blink of an eye.  One day it is summer and then the next, you notice a subtle crispness in the air.  Then it is pumpkin-spice time, chunky knitted sweaters and knee-high boots are everywhere.  This is the work of the Autumn Equinox. It is also known as Michaelmas, Mabon, and Harvest Home.  It comes without any fanfare.  We pass it on the calendar in its small print in a blink of an eye.

This year, the Autumn Equinox happens approximately at 10:26am EDT on Thursday 22 September 2016.  The sun will rise at 6:44am and set at 6:52pm, giving us 8 minutes more of daylight over night.  The equinoxes happen at the same moment everywhere.  More light is called equilux(“lux” being Latin for light).

Autumnal Equinox Illustration
Autumnal Equinox Illustration

 

Depending on what side of the equator you live, you have different seasons than the opposite side.  The equinox in September in the north is known as the Autumnal(fall) equinox and the one in the south is known as the vernal(spring) equinox.  Each year has two equinoxes, September and March, when the sun shines directly on the equator and length of day and night are almost equal on both sides of the equator.  This equinox occurs the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator-the imaginary line above the Earth’s equator-from North to South.  This can happen on either September 22, 23, or 24 every year.

Earth Orbits Sun At a Slant
Earth Orbits Sun At a Slant

The angle at which the Earth is tilted at is 23.4º, to the ecliptic, or the imaginary plane Earth’s path creates around the sun.

Both hemispheres are always tilt a little towards the sun on any other day of the year, but on these two days, the Earth’s axis is always perpendicular towards the sun, as illustrated in the picture above.

On the Equinox, the night and day are nearly the same-12 hours-all over the world.  Equinox is derived from the Latin word aequus,  eqi meaning “equal” and nox meaning “night”.  Despite this being commonly accepted definition, in reality, equinoxes don’t exactly have 12 hours of daylight.  If you want to read more about why they don’t have exactly 12 of day, please click HERE.

hello autumn!
hello autumn!

Until December, the days get shorter until the Winter solstice, when the light will make its slow creep back to long summer days.  Technically, Winter Solstice is the shortest day of the year, compared to the summer solstice in June, which has the longest sunlight.

Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0
Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0

Due to the fact that it takes Earth 365.25 days to orbit the Sun and why we have a leap year every year, the precise time of the equinox varies every year.  But usually it happens six hours later on each successive year.  On leap years though, the date jumps back an entire day.

Male Siberian Hamster
Male Siberian Hamster

Brilliant leaves and geomagnetic storms aren’t the only things that ramp up around the time of the autumnal equinox.  The creature world also does too.  Animals at high latitudes also go through biological changes with the changing of the seasons.  For example, the Siberian hamster, experiences the growth of their testes of up to 17 times their normal size in days leading up to when the days get shorter.

The Japanese traditionally mark both the Spring and Autumn Equinox with higan, higan-festivala seven-day period where they honor and remember their ancestors by visiting their graves by cleaning graves and offering flowers and foods, and burning incense sticks and praying.

 

 

 

Priest blessing food and flowers during the Polish Festival of Greenery.
Priest blessing food and flowers during the Polish Festival of Greenery.

In Poland, the Polish celebrate the Polish Festival of Greenery bring bouquets of flowers and foods to a priest for a blessing, and then using them for medicine or keeping them until the following year’s harvest.  The Roman celebration of the Fall Equinox was dedicated to Pomona, goddess of fruits and growing things

A well-fattened goose which had fed well on the stubble on the fields after the harvest is traditionally feasted on.  Ginger is also part of the tradition too.  Every single piece of food that is served that day at the feast is seasoned with ginger from gingerbread to ginger beer.

The last piece of corn that was harvested was made into a doll in England,corn-huskdolls representing the “spirit of the field”.  Drenched in water, this would represent rain or they were burned, representing the death of the spirit of the grain.  Large wickerwork figures are burned in a mock sacrifice or constructed to present a vegetarian spirit.  The large wickerwork figures also represented those two factors as well.  Farmers and merchants gathered at fairs.  Often there would be a large glove was suspended above the fair, symbolizing  the handshake of promises and open-handedness and generosity.

 

Burning Man Galen Oaks 2015
Burning Man Galen Oaks 2015

The “burning man” has seen a revival in the US.  It is celebrated at the end of summer.  It is an enthusiastic festival of performance arts and creativity.  Participating in your own burning man celebration is a powerful way to connect with humanity, past and present.

 

 

Autumn is a great time to still get out and do many activities before having to stay inside all winter.  This is just a small sampling of the many activities celebrated worldwide to usher in the annual Autumn Equinox.

How do you celebrate Autumn Equinox?  Do you look forward to autumn?  Please continue the conversation below.  If you liked this post, click “like” below and share to your favorite social networks.   I hope you enjoyed this post.  Thanks!

 

Till next time…

xo-heather

Last year about this time, I discovered this amazing and unique animal called the Cassowary bird, which is Australia’s biggest species.  If you click the link, you can read more in-depth about this species.

Southern Cassowary
Southern Cassowary

 

I started following the cassowaryrecoveryteam‘s blog last year which sends out updates every couple of weeks.

This week’s’ post is about World Cassowary Day 2016.  Why is this important, you ask?  Why am posting this, you might be wondering?

If you read the post I wrote last year, you may see that these birds are charismatic and fascinating creatures.  They are truly a living dinosaur.  The Cassowary bird is considered a keystone species by conservationists.  They maintain the diversity of the rainforest, and play a key role in maintaining the ecological balance in the rainforest.

Cassowary & chick
Cassowary & chick

They have also become cultural icons for the wider community and an important part of the local landscape and identity of the Wet Tropics community.  the recently amalgamated Cassowary Coast Regional Council has adopted the cassowary as a part of their logo and corporate identify.

southern cassowary
southern cassowary

The Southern Cassowary Casuarius(casuarius johnsonii) is listed as a threatened species internationally and under State and Commonwealth legislation in Australia. The southern cassowary is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

cassowarystickersmall

World Cassowary Day will be held in the Daintree this year from 10am to 2pm on 24 August 2016.  It will be at the Daintree Rainforest Observatory, 3701 Cape Tribulation Road, Cape Tribulation, Australia.  There will be complimentary free parking and there will be signs posted for directions to the observatory.  Activities include over 30 stalls about cassowaries and other wildlife, music performances, wildlife displays, face painting, and other activities for the kids.  There will be speakers there presenting on topics such as the world’s three different species of cassowaries, the Daintree blockade, tracking cassowaries through their poo, cassowary seed dispersal, conserving cassowary habit and a history of cassowary conservation.  The film, No Wabu, No Wuju, No Gunduy (No Rainforest, No Food, No Cassowary) will be shown.  For more on World Cassowary Day, click HERE.

 

World Cassowary Day 2016
World Cassowary Day 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you live in Australia near there or are going to be in Australia near there on those dates, I highly recommend checking this out.

Here is a video with a bit of information on the Cassowary and some up close and personal encounter with one.

Have you ever met a Cassowary?  Have you ever attended a World Cassowary Day or plan to attend this years?  I’d love for you to comment below and continue the conversation.  If you liked this post, please like and share.  Thanks 🙂

Till next time…

xo-heather

In Old English, September is called Haervest-monath(Harvest Month).  This is time when the harvest is gathered, ready and put up for the winter months.  September’s name comes from the Latin word septem, meaning “seven”.  This month

Mary Howitt quote meme

 

This year, Labor Day, (the first Monday in September), falls on the 5th.  Did you know Canadians also celebrate Labour Day as well?

Patriot Day is observed in the U.S. on 11 September or 9/11.

patriots day

Grandparents’ Day is also celebrated on 11 September  too!  Please honor your grandparents(if you still have them) today and every day.  I have two Grandma’s left whom are alive and kicking in their 80s! 🙂

grandparents-day-1-550x320

Fall is right around the corner!  The Autumnal Equinox falls on 23 September this year.  At this moment, there is an equal amount of daylight and darkness hours in a day.  Find you current sunrise and sunset HERE.

Seasonearth_copy.jpg.650x0_q70_crop-smart

The month is then wrapped up on 29 September with Michealmas, an ancient Celtic “Quarter Day”.  This day was marked with the end of the harvesting and steeped heavily in folklore.

St. Micheal
St. Micheal

Some seasonal all-time favorites to bake would be:

Apple Pie Recipe by Grandma Ople
Apple Pie Recipe by Grandma Ople

 

Autumn Cheesecake Recipe
Autumn Cheesecake Recipe
Apple Crisp Recipe
Apple Crisp Recipe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is a great time Martins on TM12 300to prepare winter bird seed for those of our feathered friends who stay around in the winter.

 

 

Full Harvest Moon
Full Harvest Moon

 

 

The Full Harvest Moon will be making its annual appearance on 16 September 2016 3:05P.M. EST.  There will also be other night sky events going on this month as well.

 

Some Folklore For This Month:

  • Heavy September rains bring drought
  • September blow soft, till the fruit’s in the loft
  • Married in September’s golden glow, smooth and serene your life will go
  • If the storms of September clear off warm,  the storms of the following winter will be warm
  • Fair on September 1st, fair for the month
September's Flower-Asteraceae(Aster amellus)
September’s Flower-Asteraceae(Aster amellus)
Sapphire, September's Birth Stone, which was once thought to guard against poisioining and evil
Sapphire, September’s Birthstone, which was once thought to guard against poisoning and evil
September's other flower, the Morning Glory(Convolvulaceae)
September’s other flower, the Morning Glory(Convolvulaceae)

 

fall is here
I’m excited! Are you?

What are you looking forward to(or baking) this fall?  I’d love for you to continue the conversation below.  And if you’ve liked this post, please tic like below and give it a share if you’ve really liked it.  Thanks 🙂

Till next time~

xo-heather

Solar Eclipse
Solar Eclipse

The following are the solar and lunar eclipses for the next two years:

 

08 March 2016: Total Eclipse of the Sun This eclipse will not be visible from North America but will be visible from northern and eastern Asia, northern and western Australasia and Indian Ocean.

 

23 March 2016: Penumbral Eclipse of the Moon This eclipse will be visible from North America. Western regions will be able to see the entire eclipse. In Eastern regions the Moon will be very close to the horizon and only the beginning of the eclipse will be visible before the Moon sets. The Moon will enter the penumbra at 5:37 A.M. EDT and will leave the penumbra at 9:57 A.M.

 

01 September 2016: Annular Eclipse of the Sun This eclipse will not be visible from North America but will be visible from Africa, Indian Ocean and Antarctica.

 

16 September 2016: Penumbral Eclipse of the Moon This eclipse will not be visible from North America but will be visible from Australasia, Asia, Africa, Europe and South America.

10 etiquette rules picture
You leave your elbows off the dinner table and understand the importance of a nice, firm handshake. Congrats! You’re a generally well-mannered person. But do you know which hand you should wave with? Or which seat to offer your boss in the back of a town car? There are tons of little-known etiquette rules that most people break every single day.
cough1. You’re coughing into your right hand.
Covering your mouth when you sneeze or cough is good manners. Using your right hand to do it? That’s bad. Your right hand is your social hand, which should be available for shaking hands, waving, and blowing kisses.  Your left hand, meanwhile, is your“personal” hand: That’s the hand you use for coughing, scratching, sneezing, whatever it is we don’t want to talk about. The reason for the distinction,  is just simple politeness —you don’t want to sneeze into one hand, then absent-mindedly use that palm to shake hands with a new colleague.

 

2. You’re wearing your handbag on your right shoulder—and slinging it over the back of your chair.

shoulder bag on left shoulder
shoulder bag on left shoulder

To keep your “social” hand free for greetings, it’s best to keep your handbag — or cocktail! — in your left hand. That way, you don’t have to take the time to switch it over to the other arm when you’re reaching out to shake someone’s hand.” (Of note: Queen Elizabeth always keeps her tote on her left.) While you’re at it, never place your handbag on the back of a chair when you’re seated at a table. The proper spot, is on the floor to your right.

3. Also, you’re calling it a “purse.”
That term is reserved for any clutch, tote, satchel, etc. that costs less than $100.  A purse is something that is relatively inexpensive, since a handbag is more expensive. You should never go into Neiman Marcus and ask for their purse department. They don’t have one.

how to sit like a lady4. You’re sitting down wrong.
To avoid collisions at the dinner table, always approach your chair from the left-hand side and exit on the right.  And if you need to use the restroom during the meal, never announce your intentions to the group. Instead, “Just say, ‘Excuse me,’ and step away.”

 

 

5. You’re passing the salt without the pepper.pass salt and pepper
They’re like a little couple. You never want to separate them. The theory: even if one diner asks only for the salt, the person next to them may want both, so they should be kept together. And remember—always pass to the right!

 

Ryan Gosing applauding6. You’re applauding incorrectly.
Study celebrities at any major awards show: not everyone is properly recognizing the winners. The correct way to applaud is just slightly to your left, about chest height. You never want to clap in front of your own face and you sure don’t want to clap in front of someone else’s.

 

7. You’re claiming the best seat in the car …

Businessman sitting in a backseat of the car and talking on the phone.

The power seat in any limo is to the back and the right. That’s the one you should leave for your boss “or whomever is the person of prominence or honor.  The next person in line gets to claim the seat to the left, while the junior person usually gets the middle. (Note: the same does not apply to riding with your siblings.)

How to get out of a car and not flash8. … And you’re climbing in wrong.
When entering a vehicle, first sit down, then swing your legs in. It’s the proper way to do it plus it’s classy.  As an added bonus, it prevents any skirt-wearing women from accidentally flashing their companions.

9. You’re pointing at your friend.

open hand gesturingWe can point at something but we never point at someone. If you must point out across the room to your pal, you may gesture, but be sure to use an open hand.

revolving door10. You’re using a revolving door improperly.

Holding the door? You’ve got that one down. But when faced with a revolving door, it’s polite to enter first. You never want your client or date to have to push while you’re behind them just prancing in. It’s about making the other person feel special and making it easier on them.  What it isn’t about is showing off.  It should never be, ‘How about me, I know these things.  Because being a braggart—well, that’s just rude.

I love reading and learning about etiquette, especially from the 1800s and the 1900s.  I truly believe that manners are a lost art.  You may see posts on etiquette in the near future.

Have you ever broken any of these etiquette rules before?  Do you have some favorite etiquette rules you follow yourself?  I would love to hear about it in the comments below.  If you enjoyed this post, please like and share so others may enjoy it too.

This is the last post of June.  I hope y’all had a great month and are having a great week as well.  See you in July!  Thanks!

See you next time!  Namaste!

vintage bluebird signature EDIT

The Full Strawberry Moon Rises Today

The full strawberry moon will rise again tonight, 2 June 2015.
The full strawberry moon will rise again tonight, 2 June 2015.

What is a Strawberry Moon? The full moon that appears in June is called the Strawberry Moon. In North America, the peak harvesting season for strawberries in June gives that month’s full moon its name. The Strawberry Moon is one of the few full moon names that is universal to every Algonquin tribe.

The rise of this moon signaled to the Algonquin that is was time to gather the ripening fruit.  The moon will look its reddest when it first comes over the horizon.  In Europe, it is known as the Full Rose Moon, while other cultures named it the first Hot Moon, for the beginning of the summer heat.

A poem by Robert Graves is very appropriate.

wild strawberries by robert graves

 

According to weather lore, the change of the Moon from wax to wane during the first three days, you’ll get no rain.  If this is true, we’ll have beautiful June weather after the Strawberry Moon!

Will you be viewing the Strawberry Moon tonight?  Leave your comments below.

See you next time!

vintage bluebird signature EDIT